Major Operation Theatre

There is Major Operation Theatre facility within a hospital where operations are carried out in a sterile environment. theatres, are equipped with state of the art machinery. We boast of two well equipped theatre complexes with specialized anesthesia equipment like Boyle’s apparatus, pulse oximeter, cardiac monitor with ventricular defibrillator are available for advanced surgeries.
Operating rooms are spacious, easy to clean, and well-lit, typically with overhead surgical lights, and may have viewing screens and monitors. Operating rooms are generally windowless and feature controlled temperature and humidity. Special air handlers filter the air and maintain a slightly elevated pressure. Electricity support has backup systems in case of a black-out. Rooms are supplied with wall suction, oxygen, and possibly other anesthetic gases.

Operating Rooms

Major surgery is any invasive operative procedure in which a more extensive resection is performed, e.g. a body cavity is entered, organs are removed, or normal anatomy is altered. In general, if a mesenchymal barrier is opened (pleural cavity, peritoneum, meninges), the surgery is considered major. For surgical procedures that do not clearly fall in the above categories, the chance for significant inadvertent microbial contamination is to be a primary consideration. Generally, the classification of major will be applied only to procedures in which the animal is anticipated to survive longer than 24 hours. If the animal is to be terminated in less than 24 hours, techniques applicable to minor surgical procedures may be used. A procedure previously classified as minor will be changed to major if microbial contamination proves to be a significant problem. In general, the standards for major surgery apply only to non-rodent species.

Major Operation Procedures

All major surgical procedures in non-rodent species must use appropriate surgical techniques and must be conducted in facilities intended for survival surgery and used only for that purpose. The facilities must be designed and managed to insure a level of sanitation appropriate for aseptic surgery. The operating room should contain only the equipment and supplies required to support the procedure being performed. A separate area, apart from the surgery room, must be provided for preparing the animal for surgery although the final surgical preparation, not to include clipping of hair, may be conducted in the surgery.

Operating Room Equipment:

  • The operating table in the center of the room can be raised, lowered, and tilted in any direction.
  • The operating room lights are over the table to provide bright light, without shadows, during surgery.
  • The anesthesia cart is next to the anesthesia machine. It contains the medications, equipment, and other supplies that the anesthesiologist may need.