ENDOSCOPIC SURGERY

An Endoscopy is used in medicine to look inside the body. The endoscopy procedure uses an endoscope to examine the interior of a hollow organ or cavity of the body. Unlike many other medical imaging techniques, endoscopes are inserted directly into the organ.
Facilities for endoscopic surgeries for fertility enhancement as well as other procedure like Laparoscopic Hysterectomy, ovarian cyst removal,etc.

WHAT IS A CAPSULE ENDOSCOPY?

 

Endoscopy is the insertion of a long, thin tube directly into the body to observe an internal organ or tissue in detail. It can also be used to carry out other tasks including imaging and minor surgery.Endoscopes are minimally invasive and can be inserted into the openings of the body such as the mouth or anus.Alternatively, they can be inserted into small incisions, for instance, in the knee or abdomen. Surgery completed through a small incision and assisted with special instruments, such as the endoscope, is called keyhole surgery.Because modern endoscopy has relatively few risks, delivers detailed images, and is quick to carry out, it has proven incredibly useful in many areas of medicine. Today, tens of millions of endoscopies are carried out each year.In this article, we will explain some of the types of endoscopy, why and how they are performed, the general procedure, and any potential risks.

TYPES OF ENDOSCOPY

  • Gastrointestinal tract: esophagus, stomach, and duodenum (esophagogastroduodenoscopy), small intestine (enteroscopy), large intestine/colon (colonoscopy, sigmoidoscopy), bile duct, rectum (rectoscopy), and anus (anoscopy).
  • Respiratory tract: Nose (rhinoscopy), lower respiratory tract (bronchoscopy).
  • Ear: Otoscopy
  • Urinary tract: Cystoscopy
  • Female reproductive tract (gynoscopy): Cervix (colposcopy), uterus (hysteroscopy), fallopian tubes (falloposcopy).
  • Through a small incision: Abdominal or , interior of a joint ,organs of the chest..

PREPARATION:

The procedure does not require an overnight stay in the hospital and usually only takes around 1 hour to complete. The doctor will provide instructions about the preparation for the procedure.For many types of endoscopy, the individual needs to fast for around 12 hours, though this varies based on the type.For procedures investigating the gut, laxatives may be taken the night before to clear the system.A doctor will carry out an examination before the endoscopy. It is important to mention all current medications (including supplements) and any previous procedures.

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